Studies of ill and injured children and their parents show that the occurrence of traumatic stress reactions is more closely related to the person’s subjective experience of the event rather than its objective medical severity.
Research studies suggest a range of risk factors for long-lasting traumatic stress reactions, including: pre-existing vulnerabilities; prior behavioral or emotional concerns; traumatic aspects of the medical event; and the child’s or family’s early reactions to it.
Objective indicators of illness or injury severity do not predict who will go on to have lasting traumatic stress reactions. This means that it is not only the most ill or the most severely injured child who may need extra attention.
Risk Factors for Persistent Traumatic Stress Reactions
Ill or Injured Children who: